The Romania Mutiny: Titanicul se duse la fund. Cu cârmaci cu tot.
Când românii nu mai sunt în stare nici măcar să se numere pe ei.
Nu se recomandă următoarele:
a. un cvorum (prag, procentaj minimal) de participare, întrucât îi asimilează pe cei care se abţin cu partizanii votului negativ;
b. un cvorum de aprobare (acceptarea de către un procentaj minimal din numărul alegătorilor înscrişi), întrucât riscă să creeze o situaţie politică dificilă în cazul când proiectul este adoptat cu o majoritate simplă, inferioară însă cvorumului (pragului) necesar.
»CODUL DE BUNE PRACTICI ÎN MATERIE DE REFERENDUM – COMISIA EUROPEANĂ PENTRU DEMOCRAŢIE PRIN DREPT (COMISIA DE LA VENEŢIA)
It is advisable not to provide for:
a. a turn-out quorum (threshold, minimum percentage), because it assimilates voters who abstain to those who vote no;
b. an approval quorum (approval by a minimum percentage of registered voters), since it risks involving a difficult political situation if the draft is adopted by a simple majority lower than the necessary threshold.
50. Based on its experience in the area of referendums, the Venice Commission has decided to recommend that no provision be made for rules on quorums.
51. A turn-out quorum (minimum percentage) means that it is in the interests of a proposal’s opponents to abstain rather than to vote against it. For example, if 48% of electors are in favour of a proposal, 5% are against it and 47% intend to abstain, the 5% of opponents need only desert the ballot box in order to impose their viewpoint, even though they are very much in the minority. In addition, their absence from the campaign is liable to increase the number of abstentions and thus the likelihood that the quorum will not be reached. Encouraging either abstention or the imposition of a minority viewpoint is not healthy for democracy (point III.7.a). Moreover, there is a great temptation to falsify the turn-out rate in the face of weak opposition.
52. An approval quorum (acceptance by a minimum percentage of registered voters) may also be inconclusive. It may be so high as to make change excessively difficult. If a text is approved – even by a substantial margin – by a majority of voters without the quorum being reached, the political situation becomes extremely awkward, as the majority will feel that they have been deprived of victory without an adequate reason; the risk of the turn-out rate being falsified is the same as for a turn-out quorum.
»CODE OF GOOD PRACTICE ON REFERENDUMS – EUROPEAN COMMISSION FOR DEMOCRACY THROUGH LAW (VENICE COMMISSION)
adopted by the Council for Democratic Elections at its 19th meeting (Venice, 16 December 2006) and the Venice Commission at its 70th plenary session (Venice, 16-17 March 2007)
on the basis of contributions by
Mr Pieter van DIJK (member, the Netherlands)
Mr François LUCHAIRE (member, Andorra)
Mr Giorgio MALINVERNI (member, Switzerland)