Lesotho – Kingdom in the Sky
Lesotho has the highest lowest point of any country in the world (1400m) and is the only country to be entirely above 1000m!
Nighttime temperatures go below freezing in winter (May — September)- and houses do not feature central heating, so bring a jacket.
The HIV/AIDS incidence rate in Lesotho is the 3rd highest in the world at around 25% or 1 in 4 people infected. Even more worrying is the prevalence rate is around 50 percent for women in urban areas under 40.
Lesotho (/lɨˈsuːtuː/ li-SOO-too), officially the Kingdom of Lesotho, is a landlocked country and enclave, completely surrounded by its only neighboring country, the Republic of South Africa.
It is just over 30,000 km² (11,583 sq mi) in size with a population of approximately 2,067,000.
Its capital and largest city is Maseru.
About 40% of the population live below the international poverty line of US $1.25 a day.
Significant levels of child labor exist in Lesotho, and the country is in the process of formulating an Action Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (APEC).
According to the UN, Lesotho has the highest rape rate of any country (91.6 out of 100,000 people).