São Tomé e Príncipe: Boca de Inferno
Boca do Inferno (Portuguese for “Hell’s Mouth“) is a natural grottoes in the rugged coastline near Aqua Izé, about 30 min drive south from the town of São Tomé.This is quite a spot in Sao Tomé, everybody visits the Hell’s mouth. A small and narrow passage funnels the waves under a bridge of basaltic stones and comes out roaring and spraying. Boca do Inferno is the natural blow-holenear Água Izé, a small town about 30 minutes drive south from the capital along the east coast.
Roça de grande referência histórica, por ser nela onde o percursor da cultura do cacau em S. Tomé e Príncipe, “Barão de Água Izé” em 1822 estabeleceu o sistema produtivo de “dependências” que imperou durante todo o período colonial. Próximo da roça Água Izé encontra-se o sítio de Boca de Inferno, extensão de terra e rochas encravadas no mar, que segundo as lendas o “Barão de Agua Izé” entrava-se pelo mar dentro de cavalo com destino a Portugal.
—Site oficial da Direcção Geral de Turismo de São Tomé e Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 kilometers (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 kilometers (155 and 140 mi), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range.
São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honor of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day.
With a population of 163,000 (2010), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country (the Seychelles being the smallest).
It is the smallest country in the world in terms of population that is not a former British overseas territory, a former United States trusteeship, or one of the European microstates.
It is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.
The name in Portuguese, São Tomé e Príncipe, is pronounced [sɐ̃w̃ tuˈmɛ i ˈpɾĩsɨpɨ]. Pronunciation of São Tomé and Príncipe in English varies, with dictionaries citing the most common pronunciations as /ˌsaʊ toʊˈmeɪ ən ˈprɪnsɨpə/ SOW-toh-MAY-ən PRIN-sip-ə and /ˌsaʊ tɒˈmeɪ ənd ˈprɪnsɨpeɪ/ SOW-to-MAY-ənd PRIN-si-pay.