Namibia: The Brandberg Intrusion
The Brandberg Mountain, Namibia’s highest mountain, is located in Damaraland, in the northwestern Namib Desert, near the coast, and covers an area of approximately 650 km². With its highest point, the Königstein (German for ‘King’s Stone’), standing at 2,606 m (8,550 ft) above sea level and located on the flat Namib gravel plains, on a clear day ‘The Brandberg’ can be seen from a great distance.
A view of the Brandberg Massif from the South at sunset, August 2000. Photo: Joel Holdsworth
The Brandberg Massif or Brandberg Intrusion is a granitic intrusion, which forms a dome-shaped massif.
In the western interior of the massif (Naib gorge), a 2 km in diameter body of pyroxene-bearing monzonite is exposed.
A monzonite is an intermediate igneous intrusive rock, i.e. formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
The origins of the magmas that formed the Brandberg intrusion are related to emplacement of mantle-derived basaltic magma during continental break-up which led to partial melting of crustal rocks resulting in a hybrid granitic magma.
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